Navy considers new circuit protection technologies for sensitive shipboard electronics

Posted by John Keller

ARLINGTON, Va., 31 May 2013. U.S. Navy researchers are trying to find new fast-switching electrical technologies for protecting sensitive electronic circuitry aboard large surface warships in the event of malfunctions or battle damage.

The Office of Naval Research (ONR) in Arlington, Va., has issued a broad agency announcement (ONRBAA13-016 for the High Power Solid State Circuit Protection for Power Distribution and Energy Storage program, which seeks one or more electrical circuit-protection devices capable of handling high power medium voltage direct current (MVDC) aboard surface ships.

The idea is to safeguard shipboard electronics under development for new generations of advanced high power and energy weapons and sensors, such as advanced radar and high-energy laser weapons.

A key enabling technology of a ship's electrical architecture is its ability to protect circuits during a casualty while maintaining power to non-faulted loads, Navy researchers explain. To do this, experts envision future shipboard electronics with a mixture of AC, DC, and high-frequency AC energy distribution.

Circuit protection in each of these distribution systems today ranges from time-current curves of conventional circuit breakers to advanced current limiting techniques that rely on solid-state power-conversion modules.

The High Power Solid State Circuit Protection for Power Distribution and Energy Storage program is asking industry to blend several potential subsystems in new electrical circuit-protection devices that can handle high-power MVDC.

Electrical sources take a certain amount of time to produce current magnitudes that start below or at their typical continuous rated load current, and then increase to a maximum available fault current.

The problem today is that shipboard standard fault detection and clearing takes longer than the time it takes for combined electrical sources feeding the fault to reach their maximum available fault current.

For 60 Hz AC power systems, this typically happens within about four microseconds, so the Navy needs to design protective equipment able to withstand this fault current for as long it takes to detect the fault and start fault clearing. Even more time may be necessary for two or more connected circuit protective devices.

This equipment must be able to open up the fault current path physically and absorb or redirect current created in the clearing process.

Existing equipment that does this, although reliable, is relatively large, expensive, and slow, which creates large voltage disruptions when problems occur, which leaves sensitive equipment vulnerable to damage.

To compensate, ONR experts want industry to develop protective systems that can detect and clear a fault before reaching the source's maximum available fault current level, which would reduce stress on the power system and potentially shrink the size of the equipment.

The objective of the High Power Solid State Circuit Protection for Power Distribution and Energy Storage project is to develop circuit protection methods and components that allow fast switching and are compatible with the Navy's Next Generation Power System.

ONR experts say they intend to develop this technology in two phase. The first phase will run for 18 months and involve as many as four contractors. One contract will be chosen for the second three-year phase.

Companies interested should respond by 24 July 2013. For questions or concerns contact ONR's program manager, Joseph Borraccini, by phone at 703-696-7823 or by email at Also contact ONR's Sharon Beermann-Curtin by phone at 703-696-4321 or by email at

More information is online at

Military & Aerospace Photos

Most Popular Articles
Wire News provided by   

social activity


Meeting the Gen3 backplane challenge with OpenVPX and COTS

Tight Pentagon budgets mean military systems must stay in the field for longer than ever before. This doesn't mean obsolete technology, however. Today's military electronics are being upgraded constantly, an...
Sponsored by:

Design Strategy Considerations for DO-178C Certified Multi-core Systems

Join Wind River to learn how system architecture and design choices can minimize your DO-178C certification challenges.

Sponsored by:

Flying, Sailing or Driving - The Rugged, Embedded Intel-based Server that goes where you need it!Flying Sailing or Driving

Leveraging the power of server-class processors is no longer relegated to the confines of data centers. Through several innovations, Mercury Systems has ruggedized Intel’s server-class chips for deployment. ...
Sponsored by:

All Access Sponsors

Mil & Aero Magazine

February 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2

Download Our Apps




Follow Us On...


Military & Aerospace Electronics

Weekly newsletter covering technical content, breaking news and product information

Cyber Security

Monthly newsletter covering cyber warfare, cyber security, information warfare, and information security technologies, products, contracts, and procurement opportunities

Defense Executive

Monthly newsletter covering business news and strategic insights for executive managers

Electronic Warfare

Quarterly newsletter covering technologies and applications in electronic warfare, cyber warfare, optical warfare, and spectrum warfare.

Embedded Computing Report

Monthly newsletter covering news on embedded computing in aerospace, defense and industrial-rugged applications

Unmanned Vehicles

Monthly newsletter covering news updates for designers of unmanned vehicles