White Papers

Unmanned Robots Help Military and Civilian Task Forces to Scout the Terrain and Eliminate Hot Spots

May 21, 2015

Unleashing new possibilities in harsh environments, Kontron´s COM Express® mini module proves to have a small heart with big power for mission-critical situations. The specialists in the successful US television series "The A-Team" were the inspiration when Yosi Wolf and Elad Levy founded their company, Roboteam, in Israel in 2010. Their plan was to develop a specialized task force of unmanned robots in order to support soldiers in the field, and also to simplify the work of governments and civil defense authorities. But in this case, it´s an A-Team made of electronics and iron.  
     
 Application Story Highlights:
• Development strategies for selecting Kontron’s COM Express® technology
• Why COM Express® meets the environmental rigors required by Roboteam
• Importance of scalable and upgradable technology to match computing advancements
• Advantages of continuous control of multiple systems to run applications like 3D imaging and video communication

This White Paper brought to you by Kontron.

Sponsored by:

Accelerate Development with Application-Specific Profiles

May 13, 2015

Accelerate Development: Flexible, Application-Specific Profiles Solve the Build vs. Buy Dilemma. Kontron’s high-performance COBALT™ family gives developers a fully tested, cost-effective design path allowing them to meet expanding system requirements while accelerating the development to deployment schedule. COBALT™ effectively solves the build vs. buy dilemma by providing a modular building block solution with the integration of established system profiles. Its upgradable processors provide a forever young solution, and COBALT’s system profile options greatly simplify the design process.
 
• Provides a proven alternative to building the system from scratch in a ready-to-use, cost effective rugged enclosure
• Flexible I/O combinations enable OEMs to quickly and economically develop application-specific customization
• For faster integration, COBALT™ configurations include known, established profiles:  removable storage, situational awareness and  switch-stacked/server
• Significantly reduce development resources using a trusted platform that leverages carrier board attributes and mezzanine options flexibility
• Offers a highly-effective starting point for sophisticated, connected embedded designs enabling a powerful competitive advantage
• Further facilitating development, COBALT™ features a configurable front panel for modular I/O profile options

This White Paper brought to you by Kontron.

 

Sponsored by:

Massive SSD Storage on Intel Single Board Computers

May 4, 2015

Learn about the technology shift that is using solid state storage drives (SSD) to put ever increasing levels of data storage directly onto Single Board Computers.  This free white paper begins with a discussion of today’s defense applications, especially mission logging and moving maps, which require huge amounts of embedded high speed data storage.   It then presents a recent innovation for addressing this need, putting 10s of GB of Flash solid state memory directly onto SBCs, discussing the SWaP, performance and reliability advantages.

The final section of the white paper offers three examples of Curtiss-Wright Intel-based SBCs that offer up to 128 GB of on-board SSD storage, so applications have the data storage capacity they need without adding additional system slots.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

OpenVPX Chassis Thermal Management: Overview of Cooling Methods

May 4, 2015

Learn about the 10 most common approaches to cooling an embedded computer chassis.  This free white paper begins with a detailed set of thermal management questions to be used during the initial stages of any chassis design.  The paper then presents a list of all the cooling approaches, with approximate power dissipation values.  

After this introduction of thermal management concepts, the white paper examines each cooling approach in detail.  The pros and cons of all the approaches are discussed in detail, along with associated design parameters.  Example chassis are included, where appropriate, as well the relationship to the OpenVPX standard and other common industry standards.

The detailed information in this white paper provides a foundation for evaluating the thermal management issues and choices available to an OpenVPX system design.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

Reducing Development Cycles for 3U VPX Systems

May 4, 2015

This white paper outlines the key challenges system integrators face when building a system with 3U VPX COTS-based solutions. It also explains how the Curtiss-Wright 3U VPX embedded software test infrastructure provides a robust, integrated, and configurable test solution that shortens development cycles, increases test coverage, and verifies hardware performance under high levels of simultaneous interface utilization. The key features of this embedded software infrastructure include a system level Built-In Test (BIT) solution, a configurable stress test suite, hardware-based background BIT, and a common test set infrastructure.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

Video Management Systems Support Services

May 4, 2015

Traditionally there has been a difference between the product support models provided by mission equipment manufacturers and the requirements for aircraft fleet maintenance and equipment certification. Aircraft mission equipment life time cycles are longer than standard commercial product life times.

The integration of different products from multiple suppliers, can often lead to problems with connectivity and functional inconsistencies. This is a common problem attributed to mismatches between different suppliers’ documentation details and product functions. End user training is a common program requirement; this is expensive to provide if a training course has to be created by an installer, solely for any particular program. Some programs require complete control or visibility over the internal build configuration of all units being fitted to the aircraft.

Curtiss-Wright Video Management System (VMS) support services resolves these issues, making it easier for mission equipment installers to work with our products.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

ARM Processors Define a New Era for Defense & Aerospace Embedded Computing

May 4, 2015

Today’s complex Aerospace and Defense applications demand embedded computing systems that not only meet unique SWaP constraints but also satisfy cost limits imposed by program budgets.   Now a new processing option is available, driven by the exploding commercial market for mobile devices. The ARM architecture delivers performance that meets the needs of many applications, especially mission computing, while also offering the low cost, low power characteristics driven by the mobile market.

This white paper introduces Advanced RISC Machine (ARM) processor technology, which is based on 32-bit RISC (Reduction Instruction Set Computing) architecture, and compares the simplified nature of ARM-based processors with the complexity of Intel’s x86 processors.    The paper then discusses how ARM-based processors can be used in low power, SWaP optimized designs, with the added benefits of low cost, high data integrity and enhanced security technology.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

Improving Throughput with your Power Supply: Application Hints 1 through 10

April 29, 2015

Manufacturers continue to be asked to do more with less. Increasing throughput can reduce the amount of equipment used in test and the physical constraints of a manufacturing site.  An improved work flow will also reduce inventory costs.  Improving throughput starts with using faster power supplies, and is further enabled by a comprehensive set of integrated power supply capabilities specifically targeted to maximize test throughput.  There are ten ways today’s sophisticated power solutions can significantly improve test system throughput.  They range from the inherent speed of the power supply design, to integration of new and revolutionary measurement technology, and through incorporation of capabilities in the power supply that are only found in other test instruments. Keysight Technologies Advanced Power Supplies are designed to increase throughput while providing the highest level of protection to your device under test.  Read all ten hints to learn more about improving your test throughput.

This White Paper brought to you by Keysight.

Streamline Proof-Of-Concept And Defense System Development

April 21, 2015

As a trusted COTS platform COBALT™ also enhances design flexibility by satisfying different application approaches from a single platform.  Based on Intel® Core™ i7  COM Express® Type 6 modules, COBALT™ enables developers to quickly meet proof-of-concept and prototype design needs allowing them to add their own application-specific software – leading to lower costs and reduced development timelines.
 
COBALT HIGHLIGHTS:
• Modular, building block platform approach speeds development, cuts costs
• Fanless and ruggedized for highly-reliable operation in the harshest of environments
• Standards-based and feature rich, COBALT™ amplifies design flexibility
• Future-proof.  Easily increase performance in the same small footprint - all from a single platform
• Available in a wide selection of power, interface options, thermal solutions and mounting kits

This White Paper brought to you by Kontron.

Sponsored by:

A Superior Solution for Press-Fit Pin and Receptacle Applications

April 17, 2015

The press-fit pins and receptacles that we apply to interconnect electronic modules are examples of products whose quality can be critical to the success or failure of a specific application. Electronic circuitry interconnected by press-fit pins and receptacles is so broad in application that their critical role in system performance cannot be given short shrift. Recognizing this, Mill-Max Mfg. has approached the design and manufacture of press-fit pins and receptacles with an uncompromising attention to detail.

This White Paper brought to you by Mill-Max.

Sponsored by:

Intel Single Board Computers for Small to Mid-Size ISR Applications

April 6, 2015

Learn how SBCs based on the latest Intel Core processors can support sophisticated ISR deployments in smaller platforms, from ground mobile radar to EO/IR on rotor aircraft.  This free white paper starts with a discussion of the design challenges faced by small platform ISR, contrasted with the traditional ISR processing approach of large 6U multiprocessor systems.  Then the new approach is examined, using Intel’s powerful multi-core processor family in a 3U OpenVPX form factor to build smaller, SWaP-optimized solutions.

The final section of the white paper presents details and performance specs on a sample 3U OpenVPX module, the Curtiss-Wright VPX3-1258, which is based on the quad-core Intel Core i7 (Haswell) processor.  A sample multi-module system configuration for ISR is included.

The detailed information in this white paper provides a foundation for understanding how designers can create processing systems that are physically small, cost-effective and support straightforward application development. SBCs based on the latest Intel Core processors are positioned to meet this need, with exploding processing power, Gen3 data bandwidth and configuration flexibility.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

Understanding Intel Processor Throttling for Defense Applications

April 6, 2015

Learn the basics of Intel processor throttling and the advanced cooling techniques needed to ensure consistent performance for defense applications. This white paper starts by discussing why many processor architectures use processor throttling to slow down their clock speed and what circumstances can cause throttling to be initiated.

Then the benefits of throttling are explained, highlighting the differences between commercial and defense applications, before moving to a description of the negative consequences for defense applications. The final section of the white paper examines the unique thermal cooling techniques used by Curtiss-Wright to ensure optimal Intel processor cooling while presenting details on the thermal and throttling performance of our Intel-based SBCs.

The detailed information in this white paper provides a foundation for understanding processor throttling and fundamentals on how to design a system where the processor won’t throttle under normal operating conditions.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

Basic Elements of MIL-STD-461

April 6, 2015

Learn about the industry standard that establishes interface and verification requirements for the control of the electromagnetic interference (EMI) emission and susceptibility characteristics of electronic equipment and subsystems designed for the U.S. DoD.   This free white paper starts with an overview of EMI and EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) and then lists the complex set requirements defined by the standard.   Certain emissions apply to certain applications or certain types of platforms and a table shows each requirement’s applicability to various platform types.

The final section discusses design considerations related to creating MIL-STD-461 compliant systems.  The control of EMI is an art and science that seeks to prevent the various interdependent and independent electronic systems on military platforms from interfering with each other’s normal operation.   This white paper provides an introduction to the topic.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

Tackling Defense Apps by Harnessing the Intel Core i7’s Integrated GPU

April 6, 2015

Learn about the integrated, on-chip Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) within a new generation of Intel x86 architecture chips and where they offer significant advantages to Defense applications.  This free white paper starts with a discussion of the original graphics rendering intent of GPUs and how their use has expanded into floating point math acceleration for a multitude of commercial and defense related high performance compute applications.   This is followed by a comparison of GPU functionality to math acceleration using FPGAs and SIMD units.

The white paper continues with a discussion Intel’s new designs which integrate a GPU within multi-core processor silicon and the advantages this approach brings to SWaP-constrained and security-sensitive defense applications.  The final section of the white paper presents details and performance specs on a sample implementation, the Curtiss-Wright CHAMP-AV9 6U OpenVPX DSP module, which brings two Core i7 processors, with integrated GPUs, onto a single PCB.

The detailed information in this white paper helps system designers compare GPUs to other processing elements and evaluate the advantages of integrated GPUs for SWaP savings, high performance, low latency and enhanced security.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

Analog Input Performance of VPX3-530

April 6, 2015

Designers working on a mixed-signal application need to evaluate system components based on their fit with a specific situation; there are always technical tradeoffs to be considered.  This white paper provides detailed information on the VPX3-530, a 3U OpenVPX transceiver card that combines a Virtex-7 FPGA with a pair of Texas Instrument ADC12D2000RF ADCs and a pair of Analog Devices’ AD9129 DACs.

The paper provides the typical (measured) performance of the analog inputs of the VPX3-530, what the advantages are of various modes and how well they compare with the formal device datasheets. The white paper then proceeds to give an insight to the true performance of the VPX3-530 in order for the developer to make reasoned decisions as to whether the VPX3-530 will meet application requirements and which configuration would be most effective for a particular application.

This White Paper brought to you by Curtiss-Wright Defense Solutions.

The Fast Guide to Protecting COTS Electronics with Conformal Coatings

April 1, 2015

This whitepaper provides a comprehensive overview of  conformal coating, advantages of conformal coating, and applications for conformal coating to enable COTS technology.  

As technology continues to advance, COTS are becoming increasingly popular areas of development.  When dealing with devices that encounter rugged environments, it is vital that they are properly protected.  Conformal coating is one way that manufacturers are giving their devices a higher level of protection, along wth increasing the overall quality of their products.  

Conformal coating applications for COTS include:
• I/O & PCI Modules
• Power Converters and Supplies
• Backplanes
• Other Embedded Computing applications
• Other specialty electronics and assemblies

Classification of objects from video streams

March 30, 2015

Imagine a world in which brilliant machines “understand” what’s around them – and communicate that understanding to other brilliant machines, making each of them collectively smarter.  Today’s technology innovations are driving the object classification algorithms of tomorrow’s brilliant machines. This paper illustrates how the edge nodes of the network can interact with a variety of real world sensors then apply the “collective learning”, such that the experience of an individual machine contributes to the learning of the whole.

This White Paper brought to you by GE Intelligent Platforms.

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The CM1000S28 - 1000 Watts AC to DC Switcher

March 30, 2015

A vital component of every military electronics system is a power supply. Rugged high-performance power supplies are required in mission critical systems. Our power supply can function effectively in ground mobile, aircraft uninhabited transport, and naval unsheltered environments. In the past few years, customer’s demands of smaller solutions, the need for increased power solutions, and increased reliability have paved the path for tremendous improvements in the military power supply industry; therefore Abbott Technologies has developed the CM1000S28 to meet those needs. This white paper details the design and electrical function of the CM1000S28.

Sponsored by:

RR1P Rugged Pluggable Canister RAID Delivers Continuous Data Recording

March 27, 2015

RR1P removable canister RAID data storage system enables military ISR data to be removed from a plane, ship or ground vehicle in under two minutes.  The canister connects to the ¾ ATR chassis with a military grade connector designed for 10,000 insertion cycles. It weighs only 25 pounds including a five pound removable canister with up to 19.2 TB of compact, rugged, high performance mobile RAID data storage.

This White Paper brought to you by Winchester Systems.

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Multi-Cavity Board Level Shielding: When Maximizing PCB Real Estate and Reducing Weight is Critical

March 27, 2015

As electronic devices continue to get smaller and printed circuit board complexity increases due to higher operating frequencies, the requirements for board level shielding solutions become more acute. As well, with the rise in wireless products, the need for circuit board isolation has grown significantly due to the challenging operation of wireless protocols like Bluetooth, LTE, CDMA, GPS, Zigbee, WiFi, and many others. Rather than having multiple shields on a PCB, which require their own solder trace, a single “multi-cavity” shield is employed with a common cover and common walls. Multi-cavity board level shielding is an effective solution to combine many individual shields, in close proximity, into one PCB shielded enclosure. These shields are typically designed as a two-piece component with inner walls, which are strategically placed, to partition off the separate compartments utilizing one common cover. The industry’s most common multi-cavity shield styles are FASweld™ and SmartFORM™.

This White Paper brought to you by Orbel Corporation.

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