DARPA chooses PARC and DZYNE to develop unmanned aircraft that vanish for precision air drops
ARLINGTON, Va., 14 June 2016. U.S. military researchers have chosen two companies to develop small unpowered and unmanned aircraft to air-drop small packages for forward-deployed forces. After delivery, the unmanned aircraft will vanish without any detectable trace.
Officials of the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in Arlington, Va., have chosen the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) in Palo Alto, Calif., and DZYNE Technologies Inc. in Fairfax, Va., for the Inbound, Controlled, Air-Releasable, Unrecoverable Systems (ICARUS) program.
The ICARUS program seeks to design and demonstrate a precision autonomous guided air-delivery vehicle that vanishes on command. The approach is similar to the DARPA Vanishing Programmable Resources (VAPR) program to develop sensitive electronic components able to self-destruct on command to keep them out of the hands of potential adversaries.
PARC won a $2.3 million contract on 3 June for the first phase of the ICARUS program, while DZYNE won a $2.9 million phase-one ICARUS contract on 10 June. The PARC contract has a $1.6 million option for phase 2, while the DZYNE contract has a $3.2 million option for phase 2.
PARC also is involved in the VAPR program, as are IBM Corp. in Armonk, N.Y.; SRI International in Menlo Park, Calif.; and Honeywell Aerospace Microelectronics & Precision Sensors segment in Plymouth, Minn.
ICARUS is asking PARC and DZYNE to develop a vanishing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) able to deliver a small package no larger than 3 pounds to a GPS-programmed location with 33-foot accuracy. The small aircraft, which will be developed to operate at night must be able to vanish within four hours of landing, leaving remnants no larger than 100 microns -- or about the width of a human hair.
DARPA officials say they expect to make several contract awards for the ICARUS program, so additional contractors may be named.
Today the supply and re-supply of small military and civilian teams in rough terrain, such as sniper teams and Special Forces , requires large parachute-delivery systems that must be packed-out after payload delivery for security and environmental concerns.
Vanishing precision-delivery vehicles would enable efficient resupply to teams in distributed locations, eliminate the need to pack-out delivery parachutes, and deliver time-critical humanitarian supplies to personnel serving in remote or dangerous areas, DARPA officials say.
The vanishing vehicles that PARC and DZYNE will develop must be no larger than 10 feet in their largest dimension, and be able to glide for nearly 100 miles when released from altitudes of 35,000 feet.
DARPA researchers primarily want to determine if a large structure can be made transient cheaply enough to be disposable such that they limit the logistics trail, and make the most of range. Critical technical challenges facing the ICARUS program cover two major categories: aerodynamics and materials.
The ICARUS program will span two phases and a total of 26 months culminating in a field-test of vanishing precision air delivery prototypes.
PARC and DZYNE are involved in the first phase, which will develop and demonstrate an air delivery vehicle using nontransient materials, but using a manufacturing process using the transient materials. The second phase will fabricate a field testable, vanishing air delivery vehicle.