Daher, Safran, and Airbus exhibit hybrid-electric distributed propulsion aircraft demonstrator EcoPulse

June 28, 2023

PARIS - EcoPulse, a hybrid-electric distributed propulsion aircraft demonstrator jointly developed by Daher, Safran and Airbus, made its first public appearance at June's Paris Air Show where the team revealed the final external configuration.  After passing successfully the first ground tests, the demonstrator will perform its first flight with hybrid-electric propulsion later this year.

This demonstrator – supported by the French Civil Aviation Research Council (CORAC), and co-funded by the French Civil Aviation Authority (DGAC) through France Relance and NextGeneration EU– is one of the major collaborative projects in France in the field of aviation decarbonization. EcoPulse aims to evaluate the operational advantages of integrating hybrid-electric distributed propulsion, with specific emphasis on CO2 emissions and noise level reduction. This disruptive propulsion architecture enables a single independent electrical power source to provide power to several engines distributed throughout the aircraft. The demonstrator will also evaluate the overall energy efficiency of the onboard system, including high-voltage electrical propulsion with battery and turbogenerator, and control laws involved in such architecture.

Based on a Daher TBM aircraft platform, EcoPulse is equipped with six integrated electric thrusters or e-Propellers - supplied by Safran - distributed along the wings. Its propulsion system integrates two power sources: a turbogenerator, i.e an electric generator driven by a gas turbine - supplied by Safran - and a battery pack, which is supplied by Airbus. At the heart of this architecture is a Power Distribution and Rectifier Unit, responsible for protecting the high-voltage network and for distributing the available electrical power, as well as high-voltage power harnesses (both provided by Safran).

Since the announcement of this collaboration between Daher, Airbus, and Safran at the previous Paris Air Show in 2019, the demonstrator has successfully passed key milestones, leading to its maiden flight in 2022 with its conventional thermal engine (without electric system operational). The ground and flight tests conducted recently in 2023 validated its aerodynamics and systems configuration.

“The demonstrator has so far amassed around 27 hours of flight time with the electric propellers feathered. Flight tests of the hybrid-electric powertrain are due to begin later this summer. We are going to learn a lot. From this demonstration program, we plan to develop our future product roadmap and basically spec the hybrid aircraft we intend to produce by the end of our five-year plan. We expect by the end of 2027 to be able to offer our first hybrid aircraft to the market,” said Pascal Laguerre, Chief Technology Officer at Daher.

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