Boeing to convert F-16 jet fighters to unmanned target drones for advanced pilot and weapons training

Nov. 29, 2021
This contract involves converting retired F-16 Block 25 and Block 30 manned jet fighter aircraft to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. – Military avionics experts at the Boeing Co. will convert retired U.S. Air Force Lockheed Martin F-16 jet fighters into sophisticated manned and unmanned target drones under terms of an $49.7 million contract announced last week.

Officials of the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., are awarding a contract to the Boeing Defense, Space & Security segment in St. Louis to handle the conversion of about 15 F-16 fighters into unmanned QF-16 full-scale aerial targets (FSATs). This order involves QF-16 full-scale aerial target lot 6.

The Air Force has used converted jet fighters as target drones for decades, beginning in the 1960s when the Air Force converted 24 Lockheed F-104 Starfighter jets into target drones. This contract involves converting F-16 Block 25 and Block 30 manned aircraft to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

Other U.S. jet fighters, including the F-100, F-102, F-106, and F-4, have become target drones. Air Force experts use converted jet fighters as target drones to test sophisticated missiles and electronic warfare systems.

Related: Air Force to convert 30 F-16 jet fighters to target drones in $34.4 million order to Boeing

Although some of these retired jet fighter target drones are destroyed during weapons tests, often the drones rely on onboard sensors to calculate the point of missile detonations to record "kills" without destroying the target aircraft.

The QF-16 target drones are replacing the Air Force's fleet of QF-4 target drones, which are converted from McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom jet fighters, which were phased out of active service in the 1980s.

The newer QF-16s are bringing a new level of sophistication to U.S. supersonic target drone capability. The F-16 is a fourth-generation fighter, and brings new challenges for weapons testing over the third-generation F-4.

Boeing started converting F-16s into the first QF-16 drones in 2010. Company experts strip down retired F-16 fighters to remove unnecessary parts like the jet's 20-millimeter cannon and APG-66/68 radar. Boeing alters the aircraft to fly unmanned or with human pilots.

Related: Air Force to convert 25 F-16 jet fighters to target drones in $28.5 million contract to Boeing

Boeing also installs a flight termination system that can destroy the drone if it goes out of control, command telemetry systems so operators can control the drone can be controlled from the ground, a scoring system to gauge the accuracy of air-to-air missiles fired at the drone, as well as avionics packages to enable these plans to fly unmanned.

Air Force leaders are expected to buy a total of 210 QF-16 through 2022. The first manned QF-16 flight was in May 2012, and the plane's first unmanned flight was in September 2013. On this contract, Boeing will do the work in St. Louis, and should be finished by April 2025.

For more information contact Boeing Defense, Space & Security online at, or the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center at

About the Author

John Keller | Editor-in-Chief

John Keller is the Editor-in-Chief, Military & Aerospace Electronics Magazine--provides extensive coverage and analysis of enabling electronics and optoelectronic technologies in military, space and commercial aviation applications. John has been a member of the Military & Aerospace Electronics staff since 1989 and chief editor since 1995.

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